Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives are called verbals. Verbals are words which are formed from a verb but which function as a different part of speech.
A participle is usually formed by adding –ing or –ed to a verb.It functions as an adjective.
The singing bird was the main attraction at the event.
The injured man was waiting for the doctor.
A gerund is formed by adding –ing to a verb.It functions as a noun.
Swimming is very good for the body.
Smoking is prohibited in the hospital.
An infinitive is formed by using the word ‘to’ before the verb in its stem word.It functions as a noun, adjective or adverb.
He was made to clean his room.
Shalini loves to talk.