+91-11-64690378 REGISTER FREE
Resources -> Learn English Grammar -> Interjections

Interjections

Interjections are small words that bear no grammatical connection with the sentences in which they are used. They express the emotions or sentiments of the speaker or convey hesitation or protest. They are usually followed by an exclamation mark.

Since many interjections are mainly written forms of actual sounds that were produced by humans, they are hardly used in academic or scholarly writing, unless they are a part of a direct quote or otherwise.

Ah! Now that’s what I call a good shot! Bravo!

Both Ah and Bravo are interjections used to show the speaker’s admiration in the sentence. There are many different uses for various interjections; the following is a list of the common interjections you may hear around you in daily life -

Interjection

Meaning

Use

Aah

Exclamation of fear

Aah! The monster’s got me!

Ahh

Realization or acceptance

Ahh, now I see what you mean.

Aww

Something sweet or cute

Aww! Just look at that kitten.

Bingo

Acknowledge something as right

Bingo! That’s exactly what we were looking for!

Eh

Question something

So that was all she said, eh?

Eww

Something disgusting

Eww! That movie was so gory.

Hmph

To indicate displeasure

Hmph. I could do that for half the amount he charged.

Oh

I see/ I think

Oh, it’s been around a week since I saw her.

Oops

Making a mistake

Oops! Sorry I didn’t see those skates there.

Ouch

Exclamation of pain

Ouch, that hurt! Stop pinching me!

Shh

An indication for silence

Shh! The show is about to start.

Uh oh

Showing dismay

Uh oh! The teacher’s caught him.

Whew

Amazement and/or relief

Whew! I can’t believe we actually finished it all.

Wow

Expressing surprise or admiration

Wow! That’s really great news!

Yay/Yaay

Congratulatory exclamation

I can’t believe you’re actually coming here! Yaay!

Yeah

Variant of ‘yes’

Yeah, I’d love some orange juice.

Yikes

For fear or concern (not serious)

Yikes, my mother’s home!

Yippee

Exclamation of celebration

Yippee! We won, lets head to the bar.

Some interjections are used to stall for time or indicate that the speaker is thinking of something. These interjections are also used when someone doesn’t know what to say. The following is a list of these sounds or words; they are also called Hesitation Devices -

Interjection

Meaning

Use

Uh

Indicates a pause/ need for more time

Wait I know this… uh… is it Ruskin Bond?

Hmm

Thinking/Hesitating about something

Hmm, I’m not sure this colour is the best for this room.

Er

Not knowing what to say

I don’t think…er… wait… let me call my boss.

Um

Pausing or being skeptical

Not that I don’t believe you but, um, you say it’s a ghost?