+91-11-64690378 REGISTER FREE
Resources -> Improve English Vocabulary -> Suffixes

Suffixes

Suffixes are placed after words to modify their meanings; like prefixes, they are groups of letters that rarely serve a purpose unless attached to a word. Here is a list of some of them to give you an idea of how to identify suffixes.

Suffix

Meaning

Examples

-able/-ible

capable of

portable, legible

-ac/-ic

like/related to

cardiac, Nordic

-acy

state/quality of being

privacy, legitimacy

-acious/-icious

full of

gracious, malicious

-al

related to

logical, philosophical

-ance/-ence

state/quality of being

maintenance, permanence

-dom

state/quality of being

freedom, kingdom

-eer/-er/-or

person who

mountaineer, writer, counsellor

-escent

becoming, to be

adolescent, fluorescent

-esque

like/reminiscent of

picturesque, Kafkaesque

-fy

to make

magnify, electrify

-iferous

containing, yielding

vociferous, carboniferous

-ise

make, become

civilise, terrorise

-ish

having qualities of

hellish, fiendish

-ism

doctrine, belief, practice

favouritism, communism

-ist

person who

chemist, florist

-ity

state/quality of being

ingenuity, oddity

-less

without

brainless, endless

-ment

state/quality of being, result of action, process

enjoyment, embankment, abridgement

-ness

state of being

thinness, loneliness

-oid

like

celluloid, ovoid

-ose

full of

adipose, verbose

-osis

condition

hypnosis, psychosis

-ous

full of

illustrious, nauseous

-ship

position held

friendship, membership

-sion/-tion

state/quality of being

torsion, transition

-tude

state/quality of being

fortitude, certitude

-y

characterised by

funny, greedy